MS SQL Server 2012 - DBA Articles

SQL Server - Server Level Fixed Roles

05. SQL Server - Server Level Fixed Roles
SQL Server provides server-level roles to help you manage the permissions on a server. These roles are security principals that group other principals. Server-level roles are server-wide in their permissions scope. (Roles are like groups in the Windows operating system.)
Fixed server roles are provided for convenience and backward compatibility. Assign more specific permissions whenever possible.
SQL Server provides nine fixed server roles. The permissions that are granted to the fixed server roles cannot be changed. Beginning with SQL Server 2012, you can create user-defined server roles and add server-level permissions to the user-defined server roles.
You can add server-level principals (SQL Server logins, Windows accounts, and Windows groups) into server-level roles. Each member of a fixed server role can add other logins to that same role. Members of user-defined server roles cannot add other server principals to the role.
The following table shows the fixed server-level roles and their capabilities.
Fixed Role Name
sysadmin Members of the sysadmin fixed server role can perform any activity in the server.
serveradmin Members of the serveradmin fixed server role can change server-wide configuration options and shut down the server.
securityadmin Members of the securityadmin fixed server role manage logins and their properties. They can GRANT, DENY, and REVOKE server-level permissions. They can also GRANT, DENY, and REVOKE database-level permissions if they have access to a database. Additionally, they can reset passwords for SQL Server logins.
processadmin Members of the processadmin fixed server role can end processes that are running in an instance of SQL Server.
setupadmin Members of the setupadmin fixed server role can add and remove linked servers by using Transact-SQL statements. (sysadmin membership is needed when using Management Studio.)
bulkadmin Members of the bulkadmin fixed server role can run the BULK INSERT statement.
diskadmin The diskadmin fixed server role is used for managing disk files.
dbcreator Members of the dbcreator fixed server role can create, alter, drop, and restore any database.
public Every SQL Server login belongs to the public server role. When a server principal has not been granted or denied specific permissions on a securable object, the user inherits the permissions granted to public on that object. Only assign public permissions on any object when you want the object to be available to all users. You cannot change membership in public.

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